TAVR Latest Treatment For Heart Valves

With the rise in heart disease, there are many latest technology & research in cardiac treatment. Transcatheter  Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) is one such technology which is becoming increasingly popular in cardiac treatment

Why is TAVI / TAVR needed?

Human heart has got four valves. If one of these valves is narrowed, then it is called stenosis. Aortic stenosis is the narrowing of the left sided aortic valve due to ageing or birth defect which results in obstruction of blood flow from left ventricular chamber to vital organs of our body. Many patients suffer from this and ultimately die suddenly due to pump failure. Cardiac surgeons often do not want to treat elderly people, needing bypass surgery or opening of the chest for high risk of death during open heart surgery because of associated co-existing illness. In this high-group, nowadays, aortic valve can be treated by a stent in patient groin just like conventional balloon angioplasty, called a TAVI/TAVR (Trans aortic valve Implantation / replacement).

Advantage of TAVI / TAVR

There is no need for opening the chest or long stay in a hospital. Patients are usually discharge on the third day and they start their normal activity immediate after discharge. Though this stent is very costly device, but it is life saving in these in-operable high-risk patients.

Which patients should go for TAVR?

Currently the procedure is reserved for those people for whom an open-heart procedure poses intermediate /high risk. For that reason, most people who have this procedure are in their 70s or 80 and often have other medical conditions that makes them a better candidate for this type of surgery.

TAVR can be an effective option to improve quality of life in patients who otherwise have limited choices for repair of their aortic valve.

Case study

Mr BD was a 76 years old patient with past history of prolong smoking, was presented with shortness of breath on exertion and chest discomfort. His echocardiogram showed severe obstruction at aortic valve. Because of existing comorbidities Mr BD was falling in intermediate risk category for cardiac surgery and more so he had severe fright for any surgical procedure to him.

Considering all the aspects Hospital found him an appropriate candidate for the TAVR procedure which was done in 2019. Patient recovered and became ambulatory in next 48 hours. After the discharge he is doing well.

Facts About Prostate Cancer

What is Prostate Cancer?

The Prostate is a gland in males that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Prostate Cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in males. Many prostate cancers grow slowly and are confined to the prostate gland, where they may not cause serious harm.

What are the symptoms of Prostate cancer?

In the early stages, prostate cancer may not cause any symptoms but when it is at an advances stage, it may show signs like trouble urinating, decreased force in the stream of urine, blood in the urine, blood in the semen, bone pain, losing weight without trying & erectile dysfunction.

What are the common risk factors of Prostate Cancer?

Your risk of prostate cancer increases as you age. It’s most common after the age of 50. If you have a family history of prostate cancer or suffer from obesity, your risk of getting it may be higher.

Is prostate Cancer curable?

Yes, Prostate cancer can be cured if detected and treated at early stage. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy or hormones therapy. Robotic Surgery has revolutionized prostate cancer surgery.


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