Know All About Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
What is IBD?
IBD is a condition where there is inflammation inside the digestive tract. The two types of IBD are Ulcerative Colitis(inflammation with sores or ulcers, along the lining of colon and rectum) and Crohn’s Disease (inflammation of the lining of your GI tract – from oesophagus to the anus).
What are the symptoms of IBD?
Symptoms can include severe fatigue, pain in the joints, loss of appetite, bleeding from the rectum, blood in stool, diarrhoea, abdominal cramps and loss of weight.
How is IBD diagnosed?
To diagnose the condition, your doctor would recommend certain blood tests, including complete blood count (CBC) & amp; stool test. Also, you may have to undergo one or more of these diagnostic procedures – Colonoscopy, EUS, Endoscopy, CT and MRI.
What are the treatment for IBD?
IBD treatments vary depending on the particular type & amp; symptoms. It is often treated with medications to control the inflammation. The doctor would recommend certain lifestyle changes. There is no cure for IBD, however the symptoms can be controlled by controlling the triggers. In rare cases, when medications do not help in controlling the symptoms, surgery may be required.