Bone Marrow Transplant
For patients who suffer from medical conditions like thalassemia, cancers like lymphomas or leukemia, the bone marrow transplant is considered to be one of the most intensive treatments that can be used. The bone marrow is responsible to help in the production of the platelets which help in the prevention of bleeding. It also helps in the production of the red blood cells that help to supply the oxygen found in the blood throughout the body, and for the production of the white blood cells which helps in protecting our body against any infection. Apart from that, it is also done for the generation of stem cells which ultimately develop into bone marrow.
There are two types of Bone Marrow transplants, they are
Autologous Transplants – In this method, the patient’s stem cells or bone marrow is preserved or stored before opting for any high dose treatment. Once the treatment is completed, the doctor will then use the help of the veins to inject the stem cells or bone marrow back into the patient’s body.
Allogeneic Transplants – The Allogeneic transplant is a method wherein a donor’s stem cell or bone marrow is used in the patient’s body. This can be someone who is related to the patient like a sibling, close relative or parent. It can also be done through someone who is a perfect match even though the donor is not related to the patient by blood.