What is Gynaecologic Cancer?
Cancer starts when cells grow out of control, and it can develop anywhere in the body. Gynaecologic cancers begin in a woman’s reproductive organs, in the pelvis, the area below the stomach. These are one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in women worldwide. The main five types of Gynaecologic cancer are Cervical Cancer, Uterine Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Vaginal Cancer and Vulvar Cancer.
What are the symptoms of Gynaecologic cancer?
It is important to pay attention to your body and recognize the warning signs. Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge, intermenstrual/postcoital bleeding, feeling full too quickly or reduced appetite, bloating, abdominal, back or pelvic pain, urgent need to urinate and/or constipation, itching, burning, pain or tenderness of vulva and changes in vulva colour or skin such as rash, sores or warts.
How are Gynaecologic Cancers diagnosed?
Doctors begin be asking about your family & personal medical history and symptoms. A complete physical examination is done that includes a pelvic scan to check signs of problems in your reproductive organs. To confirm the diagnosis other tests may take place like biopsy, colposcopy, endoscopy, CT, MRI, PET/CT, USG.
Are Gynaecologic Cancers treatable?
Gynaecologic cancers are treated in several ways and have better survival prognosis than other cancers in the abdomen. It depends on the kind of cancer and how far it has spread. Treatments may include surgery (including robotic surgery), chemotherapy, radiation therapy and immunotherapy
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